Texte Santé n°1: "Thousands risking health by shunning flu jab, warn GPs" ("The Guardian", Thursday 12 November 2015)

Thousands of English patients with long-term health conditions could be risking their health by shunning the seasonal flu jab, GPs have warned. Surgery fridges are full of unused vaccines after more than 6% less patients turned up for the treatment compared with the same period last year. The Royal College of General Practicioners released the figures with a warning that patients in at risk groups - such as the elderly, pregnant women and people with heart disease and respiratory problems - could suffer severe complications from the virus. "The problem is that we don't really know", Maureen Baker, chair of the RCGP told BBC Radio 4's Today Programme on Thursday. "It may be that there is a loss of confidence in the effectiveness of the flu vaccine, again we don't know. And the worrying thing is we don't know whether people are getting the vaccines elsewhere or whether they are not getting them at all". (153 words)

Texte Santé n°2: "Sudden increase in measles cases prompts UK health warning" (theguardian.com, Friday 11 March 2016)

Health officials are warning the public to check they are fully immunised against measles after an increase in diagnoses. Public Health England is calling for people to see a GP if they have not correctly received two doses of the measles mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine. The health agency’s warning comes after 20 cases of the highly infectious virus were confirmed across London, Cambridge, Essex and Hertfordshire since the beginning of February. The infections, many of which have resulted in hospital admissions, are predominantly in those aged 14-40. Dr Kevin Brown, deputy director of Public Health England’s virus reference department, said: “It’s important to be aware that it’s never too late to have the vaccine. So if you’ve not received two doses of the vaccine in the past – or you’re unsure – speak to your GP. Measles – which can cause cold-like symptoms, high temperatures and red-brown blotchy rashes – has been at a historic low in the UK due to immunisation. (159 words)

Texte Santé n°3: "New Eczema Treatments Could Be Available Soon". A pair of drugs for the skin condition may reach the market in 2017; they are potentially safer and more effective than current steroid creams or pills (The Wall Street Journal, wsj.com, May 30, 2016)

A new generation of treatments for severe eczema is on the horizon, which doctors say could help millions more patients gain relief from chronic outbreaks of the oozing, itchy and sometimes debilitating rashes that come with the disease. At least two new eczema medicines could be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2017, and a half-dozen more drugs are being tested in clinical trials. An ointment made by Anacor Pharmaceuticals and an injected drug from Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and Sanofi are designed to block specific proteins that cause inflammation. By targeting particular drivers of the disease, it’s believed the drugs cause fewer side effects than the steroid creams and pills that are the mainstay of treatment today. Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, affects roughly 12% of U.S. children and 7% to 10% of adults, according to some estimates. It is most common in children and often goes away on its own before adolescence. However, many adults also suffer from the disease, including an estimated 1.6 million with severe types that can have negative effects on their emotional and mental health, leading to bouts of depression or thoughts of suicide. (192 words)

Texte santé n°4: "Millions Of Adult Women Have ADHD. So Why Does It Feel So Lonely?" It’s not just a childhood condition (huffingtonpost.com, July 27, 2016)

Life as a 31-year-old with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presents certain challenges for Erin Soto, a stay-at-home mom with 7- and 9-year-old boys. She was diagnosed as a teenager and prescribed medication, but it made her feel like a “zombie.” Now, she manages her symptoms with a therapist ― and with lists. Every night before bed, Soto meticulously outlines what she needs to accomplish the next day. A new study published this month found that among a sample of roughly 4,000 adult Canadian women, the 100 or so who said they’d been diagnosed with ADHD had significantly higher rates of serious mental health problem, including anxiety, depression and insomnia. Study author Esme Fuller-Thomson, director of the Institute for Life Course & Aging at the University of Toronto said her team was unable to say why some women with ADHD are so vulnerable to mental illness, but part of the problem may simply be that they’re not getting diagnosed. For years, ADHD was thought of as a children’s issue ― particularly rowdy, hyperactive boys. Estimates seem to show that roughly 4 percent of adults in the U.S. have the disorder, or some 8 million people. Nearly half of them are women. (201 words)

Texte santé n°13: "Binge drinking boosts cancer risk, British health officials warn" (CBC News, cbc.ca, January 8, 2016)

Britons should drink less because any alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer and other diseases, government health chiefs said in new guidelines that were immediately denounced by critics as "nanny state" scaremongering. With alcohol rated as one of Britain's biggest health problems and binge-drinking revellers causing mayhem in city centres every weekend, health chiefs said no level of drinking could be considered safe. People should now drink no more than 14 units of alcohol a week, the equivalent of 6 pints of beer or 7 glasses of wine, to reduce the risk of illness. "Drinking any level of alcohol regularly carries a health risk for anyone, but if men and women limit their intake to no more than 14 units a week it keeps the risk of illness like cancer and liver disease low," said Sally Davies, the Chief Medical Officer for England. Concerns over binge drinking were fuelled by images from New Year's Eve celebrations showing drunken revellers semi-comatose on streets or fighting with fellow partygoers and police. (170 words)

Texte santé n°14: "Mum Launches Petition To Ban Smoking Near Children’s Playgrounds Because Of Danger To Kids" (huffingtonpost.com, 8 July 2016)

A mum has launched a petition calling on the government to ban smoking near children’s playgrounds because of the danger of secondhand smoke. Annie Dressner, a mum-of-one from Cambridge, was inspired to create the petition after an incident with a smoker in her local park. “Yesterday a woman asked if it would bother me if she smoked in the playground while on the seesaw with her young daughter,” Dressner explained. “When I said it would bother me, she told me that my one-year-old son would turn out to be ‘arrogant’ and smoke anyway.” Secondhand smoke has around 4000 chemicals, 50 of which cause cancer, and many others which are very dangerous, especially for children and pregnant women. The NHS states secondhand smoke is dangerous for anyone exposed to it, but children are especially vulnerable as they have less well-developed airways, lungs and immune systems. The petition, called “Make smoking in and near children’s parks and playgrounds against the law”, had been signed by 452 people at the time of writing. Dressner aims to receive 10,000 signatures by January 2017. (179 words)

Texte famille n°10: "Tens of thousands march in Peru against gender violence" (San Francisco Chronicle, sfchronicle.com, August 14, 2016)

LIMA, Peru (AP) — More than 50,000 people marched in Peru's capital and eight other cities on Saturday to protest violence against woman and what they say is the indifference of the judicial system. Officials said the size of the protest against gender violence was unprecedented in Peru and followed several recent high-profile cases in which male perpetrators were given what women's groups said were too-lenient sentences. Almost a hundred women are killed every year in domestic violence cases according to local authorities. Newly inaugurated President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski took part in the march along with first lady Nancy Lange. "What we don't want in Peru is violence against anyone, but especially against women and children," he said. Earlier in the day, Kuczynski said his government is "going to ask for facilities for women to denounce violence because abuse flourishes in an environment where complaints cannot be made and the blows are absorbed in silence — and this is not how it should be." (159 words)